Haitian Art History 101 -- by, Michel Philippe Lerebours

Haitian painting coalesced slowly, its birth lost in the mists of time, well before the emergence of the Haitian people, well before the slave ships, much before the vessels of Columbus, in the enchanting engravings created by the Taino Indians on the walls of the caves and in the colored markings that decorated their marked bodies and huts. It was strengthened and enriched in the furnace of Santo Domingo by the blacks, to recognize its first flowering in the newborn Haitian Nation, under the governments of Christophe, Petion, Boyer and Soulouque, with Denis, Thimoleon Dejoie, Numa Deroches, Colbert Lochard, his son Archibald Lochard. After a period of difficulty due in large part to political instability, the economic depression, the advent of photography and the introduction of religious chromolithography, and where, despite everything, artists such as Louis Rigaud, Edouard Goldman, and Lorvana Pierrot Lagojanis distinguished themselves, Haitian painting returns in the course of the 1930s. Around Petion Savain, Georges Ramponeau, Edouard Preston, Antoinne Derennoncourt, took form The " Ecole Indigeniste" wich was to drive the creation of the "Centre d'Art", thanks to an initiative of Dewitt Peters, an American artist who came to Haiti to teach English in 1943. The "Centre d'Art" was opened on May 14, 1944. In 1945, following the succes of a large popular exhibition in Havana, primitive painting, trimphs over the world. Numerous artists, are discovered, such as Hector Hyppolite, Philome Obin, Castera Bazile, Rigaud Benoit, Wilson Bigaud, Louverture Poisson. In the meantime, non primitive painting continues,to florish at the "Centre d'Art". Among these non-primitive artists who break through at this time, it is important to note Luce Turnier, Lucien Price, Antonio Joseph, Max Pinchinat, Luckner Lazare , Elzire Malbranche, Cedor.